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The Art of Splitting Stone (2nd Edition) ISBN 9780971791022

The Art of Splitting Stone
Early Rock Quarrying Methods in Pre-Industrial New England 1630-1825 (2nd Edition)

By Mary Gage & James Gage

The Art of Splitting Stone  is a detailed study of the history, tools, and methods used to split, hoist, and transport quarried stone in pre-industrial New England (1630-1825). It is an invaluable resource for historians, archaeologists, and stone masons interested in identifying, dating, or experimenting with early stone splitting and quarrying methods. The amateur researcher and avid outdoors person will find the book useful as a field guide to identifying split boulders and stone quarries abandoned in the woods.

Trade Paperback, 88 pp. 36 illustrations. 8 x 11 in.
ISBN 978-0-9717910-2-2
$10.00

Available from Publisher www.PowwowRiverBooks.com
Available from Amazon.com

BOOKS BY THE AUTHORS

Handbook of Stone Structures

Land of a Thousand Cairns

Root Cellars in America

Stones of Dogtown & Beyond

America’s Stonehenge Deciphered

Guide to America’s Stonehenge

America’s Stonehenge DVD

Stories Carved in Stone

The Art of Splitting Stone

Guide to New England Stone Structures

Milestones & Guideposts

Stone Quarrying Webpages

Quarry Tools

Quarrying Methods

Types of Quarries

Transportation

Hoisting

Sawing Stone

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION
     EGYPTIAN, ROMAN, AND BRITISH QUARRY HOLES
     EGYPTIAN
     ROMAN
     BRITISH
STONE QUARRIES IN NEW ENGLAND 1630 - 1825
     BOULDER FIELD QUARRIES
     SURFACE LEDGE QUARRIES
EARLY ROCK SPLITTING METHODS IN NEW ENGLAND
     SANDSTONE QUARRYING METHOD (1600’S)
     SLATE AND SCHIST QUARRYING METHOD
     FIRE SPLITTING METHODS
          Fire and Iron Ball Method
          Fire and Hammer Method
          Fire and Wedge Method
          Fire, Groove, and Water Method
          Spalling
     HAMMERING (OR TRACING) METHOD
     CHANNELING AND WEDGING METHODS
     ROUND HOLE METHODS
          Blasting Hole
          Plug & Feather Method: Bartram’s Version (1730)
          Plug & Feather Method: Farmer’s Version (Circa 1774)
          Plug & Feather Method: Commercial Version (1803)
     FLAT WEDGE HOLE METHODS
          Flat Wedge Method: Hand Version (1803)
          Flat Wedge Method: Machine Version (1849)
          Flat Wedge Method: Rock Hammer Version (1868)
     HAMMER DRILLING OR TRIANGULAR HOLE METHOD
     SAWING STONE
HOISTING
     I. SUPERSTRUCTURE
          Gin Pole
          Jib Crane (or Post Crane)
          Tripod (or Triangle)
          Shear Crane (or Shear Pole)
          Moveable Shear Crane
          Stevenson Moveable Beam Crane (1808 - 1811)
          The Holmes Derrick (1825-Present)
     II. LIFTING DEVICES
          Lewis
          Compression / Hoisting / Quarry / Lifting Tongs
          Chain Dogs
          Cable or Chain
     III. WINCHES
          Windlass
          Capstan
     IV. POWER SOURCE
          Hand
          Horse / Oxen
          Water Power
          Steam Engine
TRANSPORTATION
          STONE BOAT / SLEDGE
          CARTS AND WAGONS
CONCLUSION
APPENDIX A - STONE BUILDINGS IN EASTERN MASSACHUSETTS: 1630 - 1826
APPENDIX B – GLOSSARY OF GEOLOGY TERMS
APPENDIX C – WOODEN WEDGE METHOD
APPENDIX D – STONE WEDGES
APPENDIX E – EXPANDING ICE METHOD
APPENDIX F – MISCELLANEOUS REFERENCES TO STONE QUARRYING (PRE-1825)
BIBLIOGRAPH
Y

 

Copyright (c) 2005-2007, James E. Gage & Mary E. Gage. All Rights Reserved.
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